I found this article and it was very interesting to know that people cultural backgrounds affect their most basic cognitive processes which includes categorization, learning, casual reasoning and even attention and perception. I think this makes perfect sense in the way people learn and adapt to new things in life. http://www.apa.org/monitor/feb06/connection.aspx
During my time in Cognitive psychology, I found most of what we learned to be interesting. However I must say that the most fascinating were the concepts involving memory and knowledge. I am a firm believer that education and expanding ones mind is the best way to become a leader in any field. Thus the ability to learn and retain that knowledge as well as past experiences can be life changing.
This class allowed me to understand that each kind of memory is tied to a particular part of brain function. In addition to that, it showcased the differences between Long-term memory, Working memory, and Immediate memory(which is so short-lived that we don’t even think of it as memory). Even more so it introduced us to memorization masters like Joshua fore. ( Lesson : if we practice enough we too could become Memory champs). Furthermore it debunked ideas about knowledge, I being a set talent, either we have the ability to learn or we don’t, I am grateful for this class because of it.
The only “hangup” that I had was my difficulty in posting regularly because I tend to be shy and introverted. Therefore it was an interesting to be challenged by having to put one thoughts out on this blog. As another individual stated earlier “Not everyone considers social media a positive tool” or uses as often as others. Nonetheless, I DO understand the reasoning behind the blog and it was interesting to see how eager and fearless most of the class was in expressing their thoughts and findings. So thanks for sharing guys. It really was a learning experience.
Thank you professor Hurson.
And have a great summer Spring’15 CogPsy Class.
we learned a lot throughout this semester but on this that definitely stuck with me was hemi neglect like how can one still not be aware of one side of their vision. It just baffles me how this can be something so serious and there has not been much research done to find out. This would be useful to know because not many people are aware this exists, unless your in cognitive psychology. Another concept I find useful for real world experiences is the stages of Piaget. Like one day someone is bound to have kids or even interact with them. And just knowing to analyze them mentally me know what’s going on in their mind is great. Now that I know this better I will watch my siblings grow up differently because I now I know the stage they will be in 🙂
In this class, I have learned a lot about about the brain and how we use it in our everyday lives. Out of the many topics we have discussed in this course, I was really interested in two categories; parts of the brain, mainly focusing on the prefrontal cortex and episodic memory.
In the prefrontal cortex, it is known to be one of the last parts of the brain to mature and thee first one to go. The prefrontal cortex is located in the front of the brain which gives personality, decision making and social behavior etiquette. When I realized how important it is for someone to maintain a good prefrontal cortex, I understood why my grandmother acts so unapologetic at times. Before, my mother would tell me stories of how sweet and polite my grandmother was, when she was in Haiti. Now at age 93, my grandmother would curse people out during social gatherings and rudely comment about people with no filter. I do not blame her nor do I take it personally because I now know that her prefrontal cortex is gone.
Another thing that stood out to the most was episodic memory. I can personally relate this form of memory because I have a very sharp memory. Episodic memory deals with events that you personally experienced. I can recall many of my past experiences vividly. I am not so good with episodic memory because I cannot personally relate to content that deals with other things that regard things outside of my life. when I experience episodic memory, I can emotionally recall my memory to express an event rather than learning memory from a textbook or event that someone else experienced.
Piaget’s theory of cognitive development stages consisted of four stages. The first was the Sensory Motor Stage, birth-2 years. The pre-operational Stage, 2-7 years old. Children aged around 7-12 go through the Concrete Operational stage, and adolescents go through the Formal Operations Stage, from 11-16 perhaps till adult. In the video above the child is in the pre-operational stage, she’s not able to reason at her max, conservation isn’t acquired from the ages 2-7. Children during the pre-operational state only perceive things accordingly to how things appear, they don’t rationalize when making make decisions..
I learned in chapter 11 that there are ways to prevent the overconfidence. I found this to be particularly interesting because the overconfidence is something that we do in our every day lives. The definition states that it is when we find something out and we state that we knew that previous to learning what the correct answer was. The chart shows that some ways to prevent this is by saying “I think” rather than “I know,” to be open to feedback and to ask others for their opinions. You could also keep track of the times when you were wrong. I don’t believe however, that this could prevent overconfidence because no matter what you do people will always believe that they are correct. Keeping track of all of the times when they were wrong is impossible because no one could ever actually be correct most of the time. This is important because it shows that there are ways to prevent our faults in our cognitive abilities. This is important because it will overall allow us to develop even more once we can change our faults.
Another thing completely different than overconfidence is the fact that all semester long we learned that cognitive development is relatively similar and then in the final two chapters we learned that its not. We learned that every person develops differently and that there are different types of cognitive development. There is Piagets theory which has every stage of development from when you are born to when you turn 12 and you stay in that stage for the rest of your life. Then there is Vygotsky who said the opposite that children do not develop in stages, rather they aquire all of their information gradually. He says that they do not learn syntax and that children only pick up the rules of language. These two things are important in the world because it shows different viewpoints on the same type of thing. It is interesting that psychology can also be based upon perception. Piaget was criticized because his research was too general and he underestimated the power of childrens cognitive abilities.