Saxe, R.; Whitfield-Gabrieli, S.; Scholz, J.; Pelphrey, K. (2009). Brain Regions for Perceiving and Reasoning About Other People in School-Aged Children. Child Development, 80(4), 1197-1209.
The article talks about how perception in children lacks what the scientists call “Theory of Mind” and their new study of how school children’s minds work in relation to perception. They wanted to find how physical facts, social facts, and mental states would be different in each child brain when they were perceiving each story. They used an experimental design by presenting each child with the same stories and having them answer yes or no by pressing buttons. They then took brain imaging scans to see what part of the brain was working for each fact (physical, mental, social)for each story. The results showed higher function in children when dealing with mental responses over physical responses.