I found this article and it was very interesting to know that people cultural backgrounds affect their most basic cognitive processes which includes categorization, learning, casual reasoning and even attention and perception. I think this makes perfect sense in the way people learn and adapt to new things in life. http://www.apa.org/monitor/feb06/connection.aspx
This picture made me think of something we didn’t cover in cognitive development. It is said/known that a baby can hear their mother’s words or know when she is singing. They feel what they feel emotionally. Is it possible that the start of some cognitive behaviors can start in the womb? I mean if a child can hear inside and although their brain aren’t fully developed, is it possible they start learning from then? I know brains aren’t fully developed within the womb, but if you think about it, how does a baby know when to turn before delivery or what makes them cry when they are first born? Just food for thought.
This picture explain what the difference between accommodation and assimilation are. Assimilation is when schemas are applied to objects around you. Accommodation is the changing of the schemas explaining the experiences. I remember doing this with my son when he was little. We read mountains of book when he was younger and his favorite used to be I Love You to the Moon and Back. I remember him pointing to the moon and I would tell him moon. When we went outside he would point to the sun and say moon. I had to explain how that wasn’t the moon even though it looked just like it.
I found this article and it actually made a lot of sense trying to understand how people from different culture adapt to cognition. People cultural backgrounds affect their most basic cognitive processes that includes categorization, learning, causual reasoning and even attention and perception. This is why people have some hard time adapting to a different cultural. http://www.apa.org/monitor/feb06/connection.aspx
First of all, I think this class was one of the most interesting so far in my college career because as a Forensic Psych major. Getting to learn and now so much about how human brain works and think it’s extremely important and I can’t wait to learn more specifically bout these topics.
In detail, one of the argument that captured my attention the most was perception. I always had a sort of passion that made me want to analyze feelings and impression people get from the environment or from other kinds of interactions. What really fascinated me is the difference ad at the same time the coexistence of bottom-up and top-down processes. While the first one refers to our ability to detect the edges and shape of what we are watching and than conclude assigning a name or definition to the object. Top-down processes happen when we already have expectations of what we are going to see so we process the information to confirm the previous thoughts.
These two processes take place independently and a two different level of processing, a lower one for bottom-up and a hi her one for top-down. What is sad about it is that some people affected by visual agnosia are sometimes not able to associate two similar objects (apperceptive agnosia) or they are able to draw the outline of the object but not able to name it (associative agnosia).
Another very interesting topic was Cognitive Development because I think ti’s really important to understand how we develop and our ability to adapt to and interact with the environment. Very important features in Piaget research are the schemas of Assimilation and Accommodation. While the first describes the assimilation of external stimuli and the formation of new definition and structures, the second one, accommodation, refers to the human’s ability to adapt to new stimuli and experiences.
Here’s a short video explaining the four stages of cognitive development according to Piaget
In Cognitive Psychology over the semester we learned how people acquire, transform, use communication through information stored in the Brain. In learning how our Brains function we learn how the Brain is constructed, and how information is stored. A concept I found interesting was the Brains “Plasticity” and how it is able to change, and reorganize itself after damage or build new pathways for information to be stored. It shows how the Brain is resilient, and able to fix itself depending on the type of damage that occurs to it. Functional changes occur in the brain, when new information is stored or memorized. Cells such as neurons, glia, and vascular cells are included in Neuro-Plasticity. Another concept I found important in memory was Retrieval Cues which are things that often help trigger us too recognize and recall stored information. “Retrieval cues” can be such things as someone smelling a pie being baked and it reminds them of their Grandmother’s house. In Long-term memory “Explicit” and “Implicit” memories are the two key concepts. In Explicit Memories our memories are consciously encoded, and remembered. While in Implicit Memories are not deliberate or consciously encoded but show previous learning and storage. In “Bottom-up Processing” a person begins with small pieces of information acquired from the environment, and by combining them in various ways they form a perception of something. A persons first response would be them seeing a plate of food, and the content in that plate begin to make their mouth water. This reactions lead to emotion of want, and hunger in the brain resulting in them asking for a plate. In “Top Down Processing” we make meaning of the stimuli by perceiving it, and our expectations of it. I believe memory to be very important in my everyday life, whether it be remembering the route to work, or studying for a test, and recalling important events in my own life. The Brain is important in allowing us to store information, function, and communicate daily. In understanding and valuing these concepts we become better aware of how we function daily.