During my time in Cognitive psychology, I found most of what we learned to be interesting. However I must say that the most fascinating were the concepts involving memory and knowledge. I am a firm believer that education and expanding ones mind is the best way to become a leader in any field. Thus the ability to learn and retain that knowledge as well as past experiences can be life changing.
This class allowed me to understand that each kind of memory is tied to a particular part of brain function. In addition to that, it showcased the differences between Long-term memory, Working memory, and Immediate memory(which is so short-lived that we don’t even think of it as memory). Even more so it introduced us to memorization masters like Joshua fore. ( Lesson : if we practice enough we too could become Memory champs). Furthermore it debunked ideas about knowledge, I being a set talent, either we have the ability to learn or we don’t, I am grateful for this class because of it.
The only “hangup” that I had was my difficulty in posting regularly because I tend to be shy and introverted. Therefore it was an interesting to be challenged by having to put one thoughts out on this blog. As another individual stated earlier “Not everyone considers social media a positive tool” or uses as often as others. Nonetheless, I DO understand the reasoning behind the blog and it was interesting to see how eager and fearless most of the class was in expressing their thoughts and findings. So thanks for sharing guys. It really was a learning experience.
Thank you professor Hurson.
And have a great summer Spring’15 CogPsy Class.
I learned in chapter 11 that there are ways to prevent the overconfidence. I found this to be particularly interesting because the overconfidence is something that we do in our every day lives. The definition states that it is when we find something out and we state that we knew that previous to learning what the correct answer was. The chart shows that some ways to prevent this is by saying “I think” rather than “I know,” to be open to feedback and to ask others for their opinions. You could also keep track of the times when you were wrong. I don’t believe however, that this could prevent overconfidence because no matter what you do people will always believe that they are correct. Keeping track of all of the times when they were wrong is impossible because no one could ever actually be correct most of the time. This is important because it shows that there are ways to prevent our faults in our cognitive abilities. This is important because it will overall allow us to develop even more once we can change our faults.
Another thing completely different than overconfidence is the fact that all semester long we learned that cognitive development is relatively similar and then in the final two chapters we learned that its not. We learned that every person develops differently and that there are different types of cognitive development. There is Piagets theory which has every stage of development from when you are born to when you turn 12 and you stay in that stage for the rest of your life. Then there is Vygotsky who said the opposite that children do not develop in stages, rather they aquire all of their information gradually. He says that they do not learn syntax and that children only pick up the rules of language. These two things are important in the world because it shows different viewpoints on the same type of thing. It is interesting that psychology can also be based upon perception. Piaget was criticized because his research was too general and he underestimated the power of childrens cognitive abilities.
This semester in Cognitive Psychology class I have actually learned a lot. When we went into the topic on selective attention and studying I found it very interesting. Especially in the last summary that I submit in was based on multitasking. Our brains majority time focus on one task and switch back and forth between tasks. In which actually instead of always getting things done faster, we are actually taking a little longer to get all of our things done. Yet our attention goes on majority of things we usually focus on and also our brains also pay attention to minor details that we are probably are intentionally trying to remember. For example, I pulled this stunt off with one of my friends on bottleneck theory. We sat at a bar and I started to talk to her and then I started to ask her if she noticed the group of people who had walked by. She had but I ask if she know what the first person of the group looked like and she said no. Our brain only picks up a certain amount of information but not all details. There was a group of people that had walked by and that was correct, but the first person was actually a blonde woman wearing a jean jacket. It actually shows what goes on in our brain and how much info rations goes into our brain.
Another thing that also caught my attention in class was the brain structure and functions. It is amazing how our brain works and how much it actually does. Without certain parts of our brains we wouldn’t be able to move, talk, think, remember, etc. For example, Hemineglect was one thing that also caught my attention. Its amazing yet so hard that one person can have such a damage to their brain and not be able to see a part of the world as if it did not exist. Yet it actually makes me want to be careful to not hit my head in any way that can damage any section. Overall, this class has taught me a lot of thing, and Professor Hurson actually makes this class very interesting and tries her best to have everyone one. This is the second class I take with her and I hope she teaches another section in psychology.
Throughout this semester there were many important concepts we covered in class that apply to our everyday life. Mostly everything we have learned is something we have done, we are doing or will do in either school, work or at home. One important concept we study in this class and that I can relate to is the spacing effect. It’s important to follow this mainly because we are in school either taking one or several courses. The spacing effect is beneficial especially for those who are trying to study it gives you enough time to remember material. I use the spacing effect and realized it made me a better learner and a better student. I used to be bad at studying and now I can learn things and study with time and even teach it to someone so I can remember the information better.
Another concept that I found important is selective attention. I wasn’t aware of this concept as much before taking this course but it’s shocking to see how we select what we want to pay attention to. Earlier in the semester someone gave an example of having a conversation and if someone is near and says your name your able to engage your attention to where you heard your name from. I’s interesting to see how we can relate this to eyewitness testimony and how sometimes it can be hard to identify somebody due to other things going around. We tend to select what we want to pay attention to and that is what we are able to remember the most clear. This course contained a lot of useful information in which we do in our everyday lives but spacing effect and selective attention were my favorite topics in the semester.
This semester during our Cognitive Psychology class we have spent much of our time speaking about how the brain influences our everyday life. One of the things that most impacted me was the hemineglect. I had never heard or even knew that existed before taking this class. At first I wasn’t capable of understanding this scenario. What for others is simple, easy and not worthy thinking of, for others is a struggle in their everyday routine. This has made me broaden my expectations and views on other people. As a New Yorker we many times don’t have the patience we should have with other individuals. Many times we don’t know what incapacitations another person might have.
Another topic we have spoken about in class is the mean to ends analysis. For this summer, as soon as classes and finals are over, I am planning on travelling and making small trips and activities. My boyfriend’s birthday is next month therefore I must set goals and arrange economically and timely to successfully achieve everything I have I mind to do. This analysis helps me stay more organized and more thoughtful of where I want to end up at.
Overall, everything we have covered in class has helped one way or another to understand and broaden our views. Thanks for a wonderful semester.
I believe we have learned many important concepts this semester that will be useful in our everyday lives, but the two I found most important were the concepts of Functionalism and procedural memory. The concept of functionalism created by William James was one of the earliest concepts in cognitive psych and it is still relevant today. It helped to explain our experiences and showed why that contributed to our habits and thoughts in our everyday lives. “Functionalism: the most important thing the mind can do is help a person adapt to their surrounding environment.” I believe that is very true, because our daily lives consist of various situations and we are constantly changing, as is our environment. We need functionalism to help us cope with all the situations we face and understand why we act the way we do towards certain things. I agree with the researchers when they decided to study the mind in real life instead of labs because this will yield real results and show how the brain naturally works. The other concept I believe is important to everyday life is procedural memory. I believe this is important because it is part of automatic encoding, and it stays with us in our memories once we’ve learned something. The term “it’s like riding a bike” applies to this, because our memory from learning how to ride a bike will stay with us, even if we have not done it in a long time. The next time we go to get on the bike after a long period of time, we start to remember how because we have stored it into our memories from having procedural memory. We need this in life for the things we need to know how to do but may not always be fresh in our memory. If CPR is stored in our memory from procedural memory, then even though it is not used for a while it will be remembered when we need it. This is true of word meanings as well, so when we are reading or studying we don’t have to constantly look up what words mean what, because we have learned it through procedural memory and stored it automatically.
Overall, I found this class to be the most interesting one I’ve had to date. The content was informative and I think everything we’ve learned can be applied to everyday life. There were concepts that we went over that I compared to so many situations I’ve been in. For example, I never knew there was a theory for blocking out some parts of the things I learn (schema theory). Another thing I liked about this class was that it made me realize that there are a lot of situations that our class go through that are similar.
One concept that I think was most important to me was the spacing effect. The spacing effect was repeating things to remember them better. I thought this was important because personally, I am horrible with remembering things. I try many different things to remember as much as I can, however it always slips my mind. I think that by me trying the spacing effect, I’d be able to remember information and study better. I have little or no techniques for studying so it becomes hard to remember everything. This is something I can work on and take with me beyond this class.
Another concept I thought was important was the Attenuation theory. This is the idea that unattended messages aren’t completely blocked before processed for meaning. Some things have a higher threshold than others, but it doesn’t necessarily mean that things that aren’t important are forgotten. This was important because it made me realize that there are things I would know, it just is in a lower threshold than things that are a little more important.