Piaget’s Pre-operational Stage.

Piaget’s theory of cognitive development stages consisted of four stages. The first was the Sensory Motor Stage,  birth-2 years. The pre-operational Stage,  2-7 years old. Children aged around 7-12 go through the Concrete Operational stage, and adolescents go through the Formal Operations Stage, from 11-16 perhaps till adult. In the video above the child is in the pre-operational stage, she’s not able to reason at her max, conservation isn’t acquired from the ages 2-7. Children during the pre-operational state only perceive things accordingly to how things appear, they don’t rationalize when making make decisions..


Availability Heuristic

I found this photo to be somewhat ironic, and extremely upsetting, however it is a great example of availability heuristic


problem solving and brain structure

this article is focused on children in a school were taught a certain algorithm to solve particular math problems and how there brains function to metacognitive pattern as the problem exceeded the exceptions of the algorithim


The problem solving loop

Hey guys!

I thought this illustration is just a simple way to help solve a problem. We do it everyday whether its deciding what train or road to take when getting to a destination. You learn through trial and error and from mistakes. 


Exercises in Critical and Creative Thinking

Hello Everyone,

I found an article that has a review of some of the things we covered in class for chapter 10. Such as Mental sets, functional fixedness, the means-end analysis and a few other things. The article goes on about other things that we have not discussed in class but i think it is good information to know because it touches on critical thinking methods. If you only want to look at some of the things we learned from class then you could stop after the “a systematic approach to thinking” section, it touches on the incubation effect from  chapter 10. I like the example that is given for mental sets because even I was tricked. I didn’t get the correct answer because I assumed it was something else even though the correct answer is just as logical.


Expanding your mental capacity.

What are your abilities of thinking outside the box. When you practice thinking outside the box not only do you expand your mind’s capacity but you also open your mind up to new things and experience things that you probably didn’t know you had in yourself.

Test yourself with this video:


The Technological Method of Problem Solving

This picture although it has a sarcastic tone, I think it puts into smaller terms how we actually work through a problem we are having in our head before actually executing it. It shows the reasoning step by step. First you figure out what the problem is and then think about ways to fix it by describing the results that you want and coming up with possible solutions. It then goes in to how it is one big circle and if your planning didn’t work out the way you wanted it to you can just go back and reevaluate yourself and the steps that you took. It connects to cognitive psychology because it shows the thought process that goes on in your head while trying to solve a problem.